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王晓春,苏杭,李娟,刘行.温度比对导叶端壁冷却特性的影响[J].航空动力学报,2019,34(6):1344~1351
温度比对导叶端壁冷却特性的影响
Effect of temperature ratio on cooling characteristics of vane end-wall
投稿时间:2018-08-07  
DOI:10.13224/j.cnki.jasp.2019.06.017
中文关键词:  气膜冷却  温度比  综合冷却效率  端壁  红外热像仪
英文关键词:film cooling  temperature ratio  overall cooling effectiveness  end-wall  infrared thermograph
基金项目:苏州市科技发展计划项目(SNG2018045); 江苏省自然科学基金青年基金项目(BK20170382)
作者单位
王晓春 苏州科技大学 环境科学与工程学院,江苏 苏州 215009 
苏杭 中国航空工业集团公司 中国飞机强度研究所,西安 710065 
李娟 苏州科技大学 环境科学与工程学院,江苏 苏州 215009 
刘行 苏州科技大学 环境科学与工程学院,江苏 苏州 215009 
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中文摘要:
      利用高温风洞及远红外热像技术,在两种主流/冷气温度比(1.53和2.29)和3种冷气/主流质量流量比(0.50%, 1.25%和1.50%)下,研究了温度比对导叶端壁综合冷却特性的影响。对比高、低温比下的实验结果发现:保持冷流温度不变,通过增加主流温度来提高温比,会使整个端壁表面冷却效率却显著增加;高温比改变了端壁表面的冷却特性,端壁不同位置冷却效率在高温比时增加的幅度不同,端壁高、低冷却效率区发生变化,适用于低温比的气膜孔布局方案可能并不适用于高温比;温比对端壁前缘冷却特性的影响较大,对端壁尾缘的影响较小。
英文摘要:
      Experimental investigations of the cooling characteristics of a vane end-wall were carried out in a hot wind tunnel using infrared thermograph technique. Two mainstream-to-coolant temperature ratios of 1.53 and 2.29, and three coolant-to-mainstream mass flow ratios of 0.50%, 1.25% and 1.50% were chosen. Comparing the results obtained at high and low temperature ratio, the following three conclusions can be drawn. The experimental method of increasing the temperature ratio by increasing the mainstream temperature and keeping the coolant temperature constant led to a significant increase in the overall cooling effectiveness of the end-wall surface. The cooling characteristics of the end-wall surface changed as the temperature ratio increased. As the temperature ratio had different effect of cooling effectiveness at different positions of the end-wall, the areas with high and low cooling effectiveness changed. The scheme of hole-layout suitable for low temperature ratio may not be applicable to high temperature ratio. The effect of temperature ratio on the cooling characteristics was great at the leading edge, but not evident at the trailing edge.
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